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Data from: Water quality of an integrated crop–livestock system in the northern Great Plains

posted on 2024-04-24, 21:44 authored by Derek Faust, Mark LiebigMark Liebig, David ToledoDavid Toledo, David ArcherDavid Archer, Scott L. Kronberg, John R. Hendrickson, Arun Bawa, Sandeep Kumar

Integrated crop-livestock (ICL) systems can potentially increase agricultural productivity in an environmentally sustainable manner. Impacts of ICL systems on water quality, however, have not been adequately studied. Rainfall simulations were used to examine effects of cropland and grass pasture vegetation types on surface runoff and water infiltrating into soil in a long-term ICL study near Mandan, ND USA. Simulations were conducted before and after grazing over a two-year period (August 2017 – May 2019). Water quality parameters included nitrate-N, nitrite-N, ammonia-N, phosphate-P, and total suspended solid (TSS) concentrations and loads in surface and infiltration waters. Water N and P compounds were determined using an AQ1 Discrete Analyzer, while TSS concentrations were determined by mass difference after passing a known sample volume through filter paper and drying to a constant mass. Surface runoff loads for N and P compounds were calculated by the sum of sample concentrations multiplied by sample volumes for all samples collected during each simulation event. As a supplement to water quality parameters, plant biomass and litter samples were collected, and percent cover of living vegetation, vegetation litter, and bare ground were estimated within a representative area of the sample site. Data may be used to understand ICL system impacts on water quality and are generally applicable to cropland and rangeland under a semiarid continental climate for the following soil types: Grassna, Linton, Mandan, Temvik, Williams, and Wilton.


Back to the Future: Enhancing food security and farm production with integrated crop-livestock production systems

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Find out more...

USDA-NIFA: 2016-68004-24768


Data contact name

Liebig, Mark A.

Data contact email


Ag Data Commons

Intended use

Data may be used to understand integrated crop-livestock production system impacts on water quality.

Use limitations

Data are generally applicable to cropland and rangeland under a semiarid continental climate for the following soil types: Grassna, Linton, Mandan, Temvik, Williams, and Wilton.

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • irregular


  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


Geographic location - description

USDA-ARS Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory, Mandan, North Dakota South Station Pastures S6 and S12 46.77320, -100.91277 46.76765, -100.90423

ISO Topic Category

  • farming
  • environment

Ag Data Commons Group

  • Long-Term Agroecosystem Research
  • Northern Plains

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

water quality; integrated agricultural systems; Great Plains region; agricultural productivity; rainfall simulation; cropland; grasses; pastures; vegetation types; runoff; North Dakota; grazing; nitrate nitrogen; nitrite nitrogen; ammonium nitrogen; phosphates; total suspended solids; drying; phytomass; rangelands; continental climates; soil types; analysis of variance; cover crops; environmental sustainability; rain; surface water; semiarid zones

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 216

ARIS Log Number


Primary article PubAg Handle

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public