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Data from: Evolution, diversity, and function of the disease susceptibility gene Snn1 in wheat

dataset
posted on 2024-05-07, 19:29 authored by Justin FarisJustin Faris

The disease known as Septoria nodorum blotch, or SNB, is caused by a fungal pathogen that infects wheat plants and can cause substantial losses in grain yield. When a specific protein known as Tox1 is produced by the fungus and it is recognized by the wheat gene named Snn1, there is a compatible interaction that leads to disease in the wheat plant. Here, researchers conducted genetic, genomic, and bioinformatic analyses to determine how the Snn1 gene evolved, characterize the level of genetic diversity among wheat lines that carry the Snn1 gene, determine how the Snn1 gene functions to recognize the fungal SnTox1 protein, and to develop molecular markers that can be used by wheat breeders to track the Snn1 gene. The researchers found that some wheat lines carry two copies of Snn1, and the second copy resulted from a relatively recent genetic duplication of the first copy. Specific features in the DNA of the Snn1 genes were identified that dictate whether Snn1 can recognize SnTox1 thereby making the wheat plant either resistant or susceptible to SNB. These features were targeted for the development of several molecular markers that can be used in efficient DNA assays to determine if the Snn1 gene is present, and therefore if a given wheat plant will be resistant or susceptible to SNB. These marker assays will serve as useful tools to wheat breeders for the efficient development of SNB-resistant wheat varieties.

Funding

USDA-NIFA: 2015-67013-23221

History

Data contact name

Faris, Justin D.

Data contact email

justin.faris@usda.gov

Publisher

Ag Data Commons

Intended use

Data is intended for use by wheat breeders and geneticists to understand the reaction of wheat and durum lines to the pathogen Parastagonospora nodorum, which causes septoria nodorum blotch disease.

Use limitations

No limitations

Temporal Extent Start Date

2015-01-01

Temporal Extent End Date

2023-08-01

Frequency

  • notPlanned

Theme

  • Not specified

ISO Topic Category

  • farming

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

evolution; disease susceptibility; genes; Parastagonospora nodorum; fungi; pathogens; Triticum; grain yield; researchers; genomics; bioinformatics; genetic variation; genetic markers; DNA; geneticists; durum wheat

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 301

Pending citation

  • Yes

Related material without URL

Seneviratne, S., Shi, G., Szabo-Hever, A., Zhang, Z., Peters Haugrud, A.R., Running, K.L.D., Singh, G., Nandety, R.S., Fiedler, J.D., McClean, P.E., Xu, S.S., Friesen, T.L., Faris, J.D. 2024. Evolution, diversity, and function of the disease susceptibility gene Snn1 in wheat. Plant J (under review)

Public Access Level

  • Public