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White-tailed deer density estimates across the eastern United States, 2008

posted on 2023-11-30, 08:15 authored by Brian F. Walters, Christopher W. Woodall, Matthew B. Russell

In 2008, the Quality Deer Management Association (QDMA) developed a map of white-tailed deer density with information obtained from state wildlife agencies. The map contains information from 2001 to 2005, with noticeable changes since the development of the first deer density map made by QDMA in 2001. The University of Minnesota, Forest Ecosystem Health Lab and the US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service-Northern Research Station have digitized the deer density map to provide information on the status and trends of forest health across the eastern United States.

The QDMA spatial map depicting deer density (deer per square mile) was digitized across the eastern United States. Estimates of deer density were: White = rare, absent, or urban area with unknown population, Green = less than 15 deer per square mile, Yellow = 15 to 30 deer per square mile, Orange = 30 to 40 deer per square mile, or Red = greater than 45 deer per square mile. These categories represent coarse deer density levels as identified in the QDMA report in 2009 and should not be used to represent current or future deer densities across the study region.

Sponsorship: Quality Deer Management Association; US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service-Northern Research Station; Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station.

Resources in this dataset:


U.S. Forest Service


Data contact name

Russell, Matthew B.

Data contact email


University of Minnesota

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


Geographic location - description

Eastern United States

ISO Topic Category

  • biota
  • environment
  • imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
  • location

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

Odocoileus virginianus; Eastern United States; statistics; deer; wildlife; data collection; spatial data; Minnesota; forest ecosystems; environmental health; USDA; United States; forests; forest health; urban areas; agricultural experiment stations; Georgia; geographic information systems

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Walters, Brian F.; Woodall, Christopher W.; Russell, Matthew B.. (2016). White-tailed deer density estimates across the eastern United States, 2008. Retrieved from the Data Repository for the University of Minnesota,

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