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Vitamin D regulates the microbiota to induce optimal numbers of RORt/FoxP3+ regulatory T cells.

posted on 2024-06-11, 05:58 authored by Pennsylvania State University
The active form of vitamin D (1,25(OH) 2 D) suppresses experimental models ofinflammatory bowel disease in part by regulating the microbiota. The role of vitamin D inthe regulation of microbe induced RORt/FoxP3+ T regs in the colon was determined.Vitamin D sufficient (D ) mice had significantly higher frequencies of FoxP3 T regsand RORt/FoxP3 T regs in the colon compared to vitamin D deficient (D−) mice. Thehigher frequency of RORt/FoxP3 T regs in D colon correlated with higher numbersof bacteria from the genus Clostridium XIVa and XVIII, and Bacteroides in D comparedto D- cecum. Transfer of the cecal bacteria from D or D- mice to germfree recipientsphenocopied the higher numbers of RORt/FoxP3 T regs in D versus D- recipientmice. The numbers of Clostridium XI, XIVa, and XVIII were correlated with thefrequencies of colonic RORt/FoxP3 T regs in the D and D- mice. D- mice with fewerRORt/FoxP3 T regs were significantly more susceptible to colitis than D mice.1,25D treatment of the D− mice beginning at 3 wks of age did not recoverRORt/FoxP3 T regs or the Clostridium XIVa and XVIII numbers to D values. Earlyvitamin D status shapes the microbiota to optimize the population of colonicRORt/FoxP3 T reg cells important for resistance to colitis.


U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2014-38420-21822

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, R01AT005378


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BioProject Curation Staff


National Center for Biotechnology Information

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  • Non-geospatial

ISO Topic Category

  • biota

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

sequence analysis

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  • No

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  • Public

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It is recommended to cite the accession numbers that are assigned to data submissions, e.g. the GenBank, WGS or SRA accession numbers. If individual BioProjects need to be referenced, state that "The data have been deposited with links to BioProject accession number PRJNA506977 in the NCBI BioProject database ("

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