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Unit process data for bio-jet fuel production from poplar biomass via bioconversion at a biorefinery

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posted on 2023-12-18, 17:16 authored by Erik Budsberg, Jordan Crawford, Hannah Morgan, Wei Shan Chin, Renata Bura, Rick Gustafson

A partial Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is conducted to investigate the life cycle impacts of a biorefinery designed to convert poplar tree chips into jet fuel via fermentation and subsequent hydrogenation. The goal of producing jet fuel from Populus (poplar) trees (bio-jet) is to create an alternative to petroleum based jet fuel (petro-jet). Currently no jet fuel producing biorefineries are in commercial operation and the results of this LCA will be used to assess a potential environmental impact that could result from scaling up the proposed system. Work is part of the Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest project. The LCA does not include any proprietary information and is suitable for release to the public domain. Life cycle inventory assessment and conclusion are not included in this document.

The biorefinery in this LCA is assumed be located somewhere in the continental U.S and will produce jet fuel similar to Jet-A fuel with a high heating value (HHV) of 45.5 mega joule (MJ) / kilogram (kg) and a density of 0.820 kg/ liters (L). The biorefinery is designed to operate using 3200 bonne dry tonnes (BDt) of poplar chips per day (1.1 million BDt/yr). It is predicted to produce 300 L/ BDt (380 million L per year) of bio-jet fuel per year. The biorefinery is simulated in ASPEN-Plus v.2004.1chemical engineering software (Aspen Technology Inc., 2005). The LCA work is performed using SimaPro v.8.0 LCA software (Pre Consultants, 2012).


Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: Supporting documentation for the life cycle assessment of bio-jet fuel production from poplar biomass via bioconversion at a biorefinery.

    File Name: Supporting documentation for the life cycle assessment of bio-jet fuel production from poplar biomass via bioconversion at a biorefinery.pdf


  • Resource Title: aviation fuel; bioconversion of poplar biomass; at biorefinery; 45.5 MJkg.

    File Name: aviation fuel; bioconversion of poplar biomass; at biorefinery; 45.5 MJkg.zip

    Resource Description: Gate to gate unit process of a biorefinery designed to convert poplar tree chips into jet fuel via fermentation and subsequent hydrogenation. The biorefinery is assumed be located somewhere in the continental U.S and will produce jet fuel similar to Jet-A fuel with a high heating value (HHV) of 45.5 mega joule (MJ) / kilogram (kg) and a density of 0.820 kg/ liters (L). The biorefinery is designed to operate using 3200 bonne dry tonnes (BDt) of poplar chips per day (1.1 million BDt/yr). It is predicted to produce 300 L/ BDt (380 million L per year) of bio-jet fuel per year. The biorefinery was simulated in ASPEN-Plus v.2004.1chemical engineering software. Simapro v.8.0 LCA software was used to facilitate the life cycle analysis.\r
    \r
    The functional unit used is 1 MJ of bio-jet fuel at the biorefinery gate

    Resource Software Recommended: openLCA,url: http://www.openlca.org/

Funding

USDA-NIFA: 2011-68005-30407

History

Data contact name

Budsberg, Erik

Data contact email

ebudsberg@ewu.edu

Publisher

Ag Data Commons

Intended use

Unit process of a biorefinery designed to convert poplar tree chips into jet fuel via fermentation and subsequent hydrogenation. The goal of producing jet fuel from Populus (poplar) trees (bio-jet) is to create an alternative to petroleum based jet fuel. Currently no jet fuel producing biorefineries are in commercial operation and the results of this LCA will be used to assess a potential environmental impact that could result from scaling up the proposed system. The LCA does not include any proprietary information and is suitable for release to the public domain. The included information does not take into account changes in production of goods/services that would result from the manufacturing of aviation fuel from poplar biomass. According to ILCD handbook the included information is identified as a C1 (accounting) study.

Temporal Extent Start Date

2015-01-01

Theme

  • Not specified

ISO Topic Category

  • economy
  • environment
  • transportation

Ag Data Commons Group

  • Life Cycle Assessment

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

bioenergy; LCA; LCI; life cycle assessment; life cycle inventory; unit process; biorefining; trees; fermentation; hydrogenation; Populus; petroleum; environmental impact; hardwood; biofuels; engineering; computer software; consultants; manufacturing; aviation; biomass

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Budsberg et. al. "Unit process data for bio-jet fuel production from poplar biomass via bioconversion at a biorefinery," University of Washington Biofuels and Bioproducts Laboratory, 2015

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