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Standard Weather Data for the Bushland, Texas, Large Weighing Lysimeter Experiments

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posted on 2024-03-29, 15:56 authored by Steven EvettSteven Evett, Gary W. Marek, Copeland, Karen S, Howell, Terry A., Sr., Colaizzi, Paul D., Ruthardt, Brice B, David K. Brauer

[NOTE - 2022-09-07: this dataset is superseded by an updated version https://doi.org/10.15482/USDA.ADC/1526433 ]

This dataset consists of weather data for each year when maize was grown for grain at the USDA-ARS Conservation and Production Laboratory (CPRL), Soil and Water Management Research Unit (SWMRU) research weather station, Bushland, Texas (Lat. 35.186714°, Long. -102.094189°, elevation 1170 m above MSL). Maize was grown for grain on four large, precision weighing lysimeters, each in the center of a 4.44 ha square field. The four square fields are themselves arranged in a larger square with the fields in four adjacent quadrants of the larger square. Fields and lysimeters within each field are thus designated northeast (NE), southeast (SE), northwest (NW), and southwest (SW). Irrigation was by linear move sprinkler system in 1989, 1990, and 1994. In 2013, 2016, and 2018, two lysimeters and their respective fields (NE and SE) were irrigated using subsurface drip irrigation (SDI), and two lysimeters and their respective fields (NW and SW) were irrigated by a linear move sprinkler system. Irrigations were managed to replenish soil water used by the crop on a weekly or more frequent basis as determined by soil profile water content readings made with a neutron probe to 2.4-m depth in the field. The weather data include solar irradiance, barometric pressure, air temperature and relative humidity, and wind speed determined using sensors placed at 2-m height over a level, grass surface mowed to not exceed 12 cm height and irrigated and fertilized to maintain reference conditions as promulgated by ASCE (2005) and FAO (1996). Irrigation was by surface flood in 1989 through 1994, and by subsurface drip irrigation after 1994. Sensors were replicated and intercompared between replicates and with data from nearby weather stations, which were sometimes used for gap filling. Quality control and assurance methods are described by Evett et al. (2018). These datasets originate from research aimed at determining crop water use (ET), crop coefficients for use in ET-based irrigation scheduling based on a reference ET, crop growth, yield, harvest index, and crop water productivity as affected by irrigation method, timing, amount (full or some degree of deficit), agronomic practices, cultivar, and weather. Prior publications have focused on maize ET, crop coefficients, and crop water productivity. Crop coefficients have been used by ET networks. The data have utility for testing simulation models of crop ET, growth, and yield and have been used by the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP), by OPENET, and by many others for testing, and calibrating models of ET that use satellite and/or weather data.

Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: 1989 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 1989_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: The weather data are presented as 15-minute mean values of solar irradiance, air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and barometric pressure; and as 15-minute totals of precipitation (rain and snow). Daily total precipitation as determined by mass balance at each of the four large, precision weighing lysimeters is given in a separate tab along with the mean daily value of precipitation. Data dictionaries are in separate tabs with names corresponding to those of tabs containing data. A separate tab contains a visualization tool for missing data. Another tab contains a visualization tool for the weather data in five-day increments of the 15-minute data. An Introduction tab explains the other tabs, lists the authors, explains data time conventions, explains symbols, lists the sensors, and datalogging systems used, and gives geographic coordinates of sensing locations.

  • Resource Title: 1990 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 1990_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 1990.

  • Resource Title: 1994 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 1994_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 1994.

  • Resource Title: 2013 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 2013_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 2013.

  • Resource Title: 2016 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 2016_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 2016.

  • Resource Title: 2018 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 2018_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 2018.

  • Resource Title: 1996 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 1996_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 1996.

  • Resource Title: 1997 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 1997_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 1997.

  • Resource Title: 1998 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 1998_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 1998.

  • Resource Title: 1999 Bushland, TX, standard 15-minute weather data. File Name: 1999_15-min_weather_SWMRU_CPRL.xlsx. Resource Description: As above for 1999.

Funding

USDA-ARS: 3090-13000-015-00D

History

Data contact name

Evett, Steven R.

Data contact email

steve.evett@usda.gov

Publisher

Ag Data Commons

Intended use

These data may be used to test and calibrate models of maize growth, water use (ET), and yield, and many be used to develop crop coefficients for use with a reference evapotranspiration model to estimate crop water use. Care was taken to ensure that lysimeter ET data were representative of the 4.4 ha fields within which each lysimeter was centered. Therefore, satellite data with 100-m or smaller pixels may be suitable for use with the lysimeter data in testing and calibration of models based on satellite data.

Use limitations

The data pertain to the specific location, soil, climate, cultivar, and agronomic practices described in the data sets. Extrapolation to other climates, soils, cultivars, and practices should be done with care. Individual fields were square and somewhat larger than 210 m in width and length, so care should be used when combining satellite data with these data if satellite image pixels are large. Observations of air temperature and relative humidity, wind speed, and solar irradiance taken at the lysimeters should not be used as weather input for simulation models; weather data observed under standard conditions at the research weather station should be used as input to simulation models.

Temporal Extent Start Date

1989-01-01

Frequency

  • irregular

Theme

  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage

{"type":"FeatureCollection","features":[{"geometry":{"type":"Polygon","coordinates":[[[-102.09906463948,35.191719970106],[-102.07671433134,35.19121493622],[-102.07678299485,35.1865853205],[-102.07609634934,35.177044674547],[-102.09913330298,35.177072738625],[-102.09906463948,35.191719970106]]]},"type":"Feature","properties":{}}]}

ISO Topic Category

  • geoscientificInformation
  • farming
  • climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

meteorological data; Agricultural Research Service; Texas; soil; water management; grasses; growing season; evapotranspiration; lysimeters; air temperature; relative humidity; wind speed; solar radiation; surface area; rain; evaporation; climate; simulation models; energy

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

Primary article PubAg Handle

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Evett, Steven R.; Marek, Gary W.; Copeland, Karen S.; Howell, Terry A. Sr.; Colaizzi, Paul D.; Brauer, David K.; Ruthardt, Brice B. (2022). Standard Weather Data for the Bushland, Texas, Large Weighing Lysimeter Experiments. Ag Data Commons. https://doi.org/10.15482/USDA.ADC/1526329

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