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Soil movement across black grama and mesquite ecotone transects in the Jornada Basin, southern New Mexico, USA, 1933-2011

posted on 2023-11-30, 10:19 authored by Robert Campbell, Robert Gibbens, Brandon Bestelmeyer

This package contains data from a study that measured long-term soil movement in areas undergoing mesquite invasion on the Jornada Experimental Range from 1933-2011. Data consist of height measurements of soil on two long-term transects established in the Natural Revegetation Exclosure (NatReveg) in 1933 and an exclosure in Pasture 8b in 1935. In 1933, about half of the NatReveg exclosure was covered with mesquite dunes. Grasses dominated the non-dune portion, but mesquite plants were present. Approximately one-third of the NatReveg site exclosure was sprayed with 2,4,5-T herbicide for mesquite control in 1966-68. Additional herbicide treatments were conducted upon the sprayed portion in 1969-72. The 1731-m NatReveg exclosure transect runs north-south through the center of the exclosure and extends 61 m (200ft) beyond the boundary fence on either end. The 457-m Pasture 8b transect is oriented WSW-ENE and was established in an area where mesquite dunes were large and well established. The predominant soils in this exclosure are deep loamy sands. Soil movement was measured by the distance between the soil surface and a notch in 50 cm T-posts located every 15.2 m (50 ft). Transects were measured in 1950 (8b only), 1955 (8b only), every five years from 1980-2000, and most recently in 2011. Most steel posts were re-measured at these intervals, but some were lost due to excavation or burial. These were replaced with a new baseline notch height initiated on the posts. Data correspond to each year of collection, as well as measures (in cm) of soil deposition or deflation during the intervals. This study is complete.For further information, see:Gibbens, R.P., J.M. Tromble, J.T. Hennessy, and M. Cardenas, 1983. "Soil movement in mesquite dunelands and former grasslands of southern New Mexico from 1933 to 1980." Journal of Range Management 36:145-148.

Resources in this dataset:


Agricultural Research Service

National Science Foundation


Data contact name

Data Manager

Data contact email


Environmental Data Initiative (EDI)

Use limitations

This information is released under the Creative Commons license - Attribution - CC BY ( The consumer of these data ("Data User" herein) is required to cite it appropriately in any publication that results from its use. The Data User should realize that these data may be actively used by others for ongoing research and that coordination may be necessary to prevent duplicate publication. The Data User is urged to contact the authors of these data if any questions about methodology or results occur. Where appropriate, the Data User is encouraged to consider collaboration or co-authorship with the authors. The Data User should realize that misinterpretation of data may occur if used out of context of the original study. While substantial efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of data and associated documentation, complete accuracy of data sets cannot be guaranteed. All data are made available "as is." The Data User should be aware, however, that data are updated periodically and it is the responsibility of the Data User to check for new versions of the data. The data authors and the repository where these data were obtained shall not be liable for damages resulting from any use or misinterpretation of the data. Thank you.

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


Geographic location - description

Both Transects Are Located In The Basin Floor Geomorphic Unit. More Detailed Coordinates Are Available From The Jrn Lter Data Manager Upon Request.

ISO Topic Category

  • farming
  • environment
  • biota
  • climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
  • geoscientificInformation

Ag Data Commons Group

  • Jornada Experimental Range
  • Long-Term Agroecosystem Research

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

agroecosystems; rangelands; sustainable agricultural intensification

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 216

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Campbell, Robert; Gibbens, Robert; Bestelmeyer, Brandon (2020). Soil movement across black grama and mesquite ecotone transects in the Jornada Basin, southern New Mexico, USA, 1933-2011. Environmental Data Initiative (EDI).