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SGS-LTER Paleopedology Study - soil particle size and grain size on the Central Plains Experimental Range, Nunn, Colorado, USA 1992- 1993

posted on 2024-02-13, 15:09 authored by Eugene Kelly

This data package was produced by researchers working on the Shortgrass Steppe Long Term Ecological Research (SGS-LTER) Project, administered at Colorado State University. Long-term datasets and background information (proposals, reports, photographs, etc.) on the SGS-LTER project are contained in a comprehensive project collection within the Digital Collections of Colorado ( The data table and associated metadata document, which is generated in Ecological Metadata Language, may be available through other repositories serving the ecological research community and represent components of the larger SGS-LTER project collection. CPER Paleopedology Study – Particle and Grain Size - Grain size data from 39 pedons were compared with modal fluvial (7) and eolian (3) samples in order to characterize the origin of CPER parent materials and distinguish the origin of CPER geomorphic features. The seven fluvial sites were located along Owl and Eastman Creeks. The three eolian sites were located on the nearest undisputed dune fields located approximately 5 km north of Roggen, CO (Muhs, 1985). For statistical analysis, the sand and coarse silt fractions were shaken in a nest of half phi(0) interval sieves ranging from -1.0 0 (10 mesh) to 4.5 0 (325 mesh) for 3 minutes. Phi intervals (-log2) were utilized to normalize the particle size data for use in conventional statistics (Krumbein, 1934). The silt and clay fractions were separated by sedimentation using the pipette method. Statistical methods adopted from Folk and Ward (1957) were applied to the -1.0 0 to 7.0 0 fractions using the Sedimentary Petrology Computer Program SEDPET (Warner, 1970) to determine mean grain size (Mz), sorting (Iz), skewness (Skz), and kurtosis (Kz). These parameters were then subjected to univariate and bivariate analysis. The clay fraction was not included in the statistical computations to avoid excessively fine skewing the sample. Additional information and referenced materials can be found:

Resources in this dataset:



National Science Foundation: DEB 1027319


Data contact name

Kelly, Eugene

Data contact email


Colorado State University

Intended use

This research is part of an on-going study of paleosols at the Central Plains Experimental Range. The objective of this particular work was to differentiate between eolian and fluvial features using granulometric analysis.

Use limitations

URL for Access Policies Data Access Policy Data sets were provided by the Shortgrass Steppe Long Term Ecological Research (SGS-LTER) Program, a partnership between Colorado State University, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, and the U.S. Forest Service Pawnee National Grassland. Significant funding for these data was provided by the National Science Foundation Long Term Ecological Research program (NSF Grant Number DEB-1027319). The SGS-LTER project (1980-2014) was established as one of the first sites in the US LTER Network and has produce a rich legacy of digital materials including reports, proposals, images, and data packages. Data, products and other information produced from the SGS-LTER are curated as a collection within the Digital Collections of Colorado ( Materials can be accessed from the Institutional Digital Repository of Colorado State University or upon request by emailing All data are open for dissemination and re-use for any purpose, but you must attribute credit to the owner and cite use appropriately according to the LTER Data Access Policy.

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


Geographic location - description

The Short Grass Steppe Site Encompasses A Large Portion Of The Colorado Piedmont Section Of The Western Great Plains. The Extent Is Defined As The Boundaries Of The Central Plains Experimental Range (cper). The Cper Has A Single Ownership And Landuse (livestock Grazing). The Png Is Characterized By A Mosaic Of Ownership And Land Use. Ownership Includes Federal, State Or Private And Land Use Consists Of Livestock Grazing Or Row-crops. There Are Ngo Conservation Groups That Exert Influence Over The Area, Particularly On Federal Lands.

ISO Topic Category

  • environment
  • climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
  • biota
  • farming
  • geoscientificInformation

Ag Data Commons Group

  • Long-Term Agroecosystem Research
  • Central Plains Experimental Range

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

agroecosystems; rangelands; sustainable agricultural intensification

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 215

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Kelly, Eugene (2013). SGS-LTER Paleopedology Study - soil particle size and grain size on the Central Plains Experimental Range, Nunn, Colorado, USA 1992- 1993. Colorado State University.