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SGP97 GCIP/NESOB Surface: Skin Temperature Composite

posted on 2023-11-30, 08:40 authored by Long-Term Agroecosystem Research - LTAR, Southern Plains

This 30 minute Skin Temperature Composite is one of several surface-layer data sets provided in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)/Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Continental-Scale International Project (GCIP) Near Surface Observation Data Set - 1997 (NESOB-97). This Skin Temperature composite was formed from three data sources: the 10m and 25m ARM/Clouds and Radiation Testbed (CART) Multi-Filter Radiometer (MFR) 20 second data, and 30 minute data from the GCIP National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division (ATDD) Little Washita, Oklahoma long term flux monitoring site. This composite was developed by the merging of the 30-minute averaged values of skin temperature as provided by NOAA/ATDD for its Little Washita station and the 30-minute averaged values of skin temperature as derived by University Corporation for Atmospheric Research/Joint Office for Science Support (UCAR/JOSS) from the 20-second values provided by ARM for its 10m and 25m MFR stations. UCAR/JOSS computed standard deviations for the ARM 10m and 25m MFR data when at least 15 observations were available within the 30-minute averaging interval. The ARM/GCIP NESOB-97 Skin Temperature Composite contains 8 metadata parameters and 3 data parameters. The metadata parameters describe the date/time, network, station, and location at which the data were collected. The 3 data parameters repeat once for each 30 minute period from UTC 0000 through UTC 2330. Data reported for a designated 30 minute time represents data collected during the previous 30 minute period. All times are reported in UTC, and skin temperature values are reported in degrees Celsius. Each data value is followed by a Quality Control flag, but UCAR/JOSS does not Quality Control the data at the present time. The Quality Control flag is set to "U" for "Unchecked", unless the datum is missing, in which case the flag is set to "M". Missing values are -999.99. The standard deviation was calculated for the ARM 10m and 25m MFR Skin Temperature values when there were at least 15 measurements in the 30 minute averaging interval. No standard deviations were calculated for the Little Washita data, since it originated in 30 minute frequency.

Resources in this dataset:


Agricultural Research Service

National Science Foundation


Data contact name

Jackson, Thomas

Data contact email


National Center for Atmospheric Research / Earth Observing Laboratory

Intended use

SGP97 is set in a subhumid environment during early summer. Within this setting, the objectives of SGP97 are (1) to establish that the retrieval algorithms for surface soil moisture developed at higher spatial resolution using truck- and aircraft-based sensors can be extended to the coarser resolutions expected from satellite platforms; (2) to verify spatial-temporal estimators of soil moisture and to examine the utility of pedotransfer function in hydrologic modeling; (3) to examine the feasibility of inferring soil moisture and temperature profiles using surface observations in conjunction with in situ measurements, and (4) to examine the effect of soil moisture on the evolution of the atmospheric boundary layer and clouds over the Southern Great Plains during the warm season.

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


ISO Topic Category

  • climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere

Ag Data Commons Group

  • Southern Plains
  • Long-Term Agroecosystem Research

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

skin temperature; data collection; energy; hydrologic cycle; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; turbulent flow; Oklahoma; monitoring; standard deviation; metadata; quality control

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Long-Term Agroecosystem Research - LTAR; Southern Plains (2020). SGP97 GCIP/NESOB Surface: Skin Temperature Composite. National Center for Atmospheric Research / Earth Observing Laboratory.

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