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Product System Model of United States Poultry Production 2010

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posted on 2024-02-08, 19:08 authored by Ben Putman, Greg Thoma, Jasmina Burek, Marty Matlock

This product system represents the poultry meat produced for human consumption as a result of producing one broiler. Both types of live weight poultry are at the farm gate, ready for transport to the processing plant, although not necessarily at the same farm. It includes the fraction of a spent hen attributable to the production of one broiler.

Product system boundaries include all material and energy flows associated with crop production and live poultry operations, including the handling and disposal of mortalities and manure. Inventory flows began with one day old baby chicks in the grandparent generation, continued through the parent generation, and ended with live market-weight broilers and culled hens ready for transport to processing at the farm gate. Where applicable, the recommendations of the Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership were followed, which provided guidelines for assessing the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and fossil energy use from poultry (LEAP, 2015a) and animal feed supply chains (LEAP, 2015b).

Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: Product System Model for United States Poultry Production 2010.

    File Name:

    Resource Description: .zip file contains JSON-LD files, which can be imported into openLCA

    Resource Software Recommended: openLCA,url:


U.S. Poultry and Egg Association: 1415-1704


Data contact name

Thoma, Greg

Data contact email


Ag Data Commons

Intended use

This data set was developed for use in Situation C2: Accounting, excluding interactions with other systems (ILCD Handbook). The data set was designed for Life Cycle Impact Modeling with Tool for Reduction and Assessment of Chemical and other Environmental Impacts (TRACI) 2.1. Impacts were modeled for global warming potential, acidification, eutrophication, fossil energy use, water depletion, and agricultural land occupation.

Use limitations

These data were developed as part of a retrospective analysis of U.S. poultry production. They represent United States production in 2010. It is not appropriate for the user to assume different market weights when using this dataset.

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • irregular


  • Not specified

Geographic location - description

The LCI in this product system approximates the national average of poultry production in the United States

ISO Topic Category

  • environment
  • farming

Ag Data Commons Group

  • Life Cycle Assessment

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

LCA; LCI; life cycle inventory; product system; life cycle assessment; poultry; poultry meat; farms; spent hens; energy flow; crop production; mortality; chicks; body weight; livestock; environmental assessment; guidelines; greenhouse gas emissions; greenhouse gases; fossil fuels; feeds; supply chain; poultry production

Primary article PubAg Handle

Pending citation

  • No

Related material without URL

Sandefur, H.N. et al. (2016). Development of Life Cycle Inventory data for U.S. Swine Production Scenarios. Dataset Documentation and User's Guide, Version 2. University of Arkansas Office for Sustainability 2016

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Ben Putman, Greg Thoma, Jasmina Burek, Marty Matlock, Product System for United States Poultry Production 2010, United States Department of Agriculture Ag Data Commons, 2017.

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