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posted on 2024-02-08, 19:50 authored by USDA Agricultural Research Service

PeanutBase ( is the primary genetics and genomics database for cultivated peanut and its wild relatives. It houses information about genome sequences, genes and predicted functions, genetic maps, markers, links to germplasm resources, and maps of peanut germplasm origins.

This resource is being developed for U.S. and International peanut researchers and breeders, with support from The Peanut Foundation and the many contributors that have made the Peanut Genomics Initiative possible. Funded by The Peanut Foundation as part of the Peanut Genomics Initiative. Additional support from USDA-ARS. Database developed and hosted by the USDA-ARS SoyBase and Legume Clade Database group at Ames, IA, with NCGR and other participants.

Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title:

    File Name: Web Page, url:

    Website pointer for - Genetic and genomic data to enable more rapid crop improvement in peanuts.

    The peanut genome has been sequenced and analyzed as part of the International Peanut Genomic Initiative, in order to accelerate breeding progress and get more productive, disease-resistant, stress-tolerant varieties to farmers. The two diploid progenitors have been sequenced and are available, along with predicted genes and descriptions. The genomes of the diploid progenitors will be used to help identify and assemble the similar chromosomes in cultivated peanut. Cultivated peanut, Arachis hypogaea, is an allotetraploid (2n=4x=40) that contains two complete genomes, labeled the A and B genomes. A. duranensis (2n=2x=20) has likely contributed the A genome, and A. ipaensis has likely contributed the B genome. It may be helpful to remember these two associations by using the mnemonic: "A" comes before "B" and "duranensis" comes before "ipaensis". Because of the difficulty of assembly a tetraploid genome, the two diploids, A. duranensis and A. ipaensis, have been sequenced and assembled first. Together these provide a good initial basis for the tetraploid genome. Additionally, the two will help guide assembly of the tetraploid genome. Sequencing work on the tetraploid genome is underway; stay tuned for updates in 2015.




Data contact name

Cannon, Ethalinda

Data contact email



Intended use

Primarily for plant biology researchers and peanut breeders.


  • Not specified

ISO Topic Category

  • farming

Ag Data Commons Group

  • AgBioData

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

genomics; allopolyploidy; tetraploidy; farmers; disease resistance; databases; germplasm; breeding; diploidy; chromosomes; nucleotide sequences; genes; wild relatives; peanuts; Arachis hypogaea; marker-assisted selection; quantitative trait loci

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 301

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

USDA Agricultural Research Service (2017). PeanutBase. USDA-ARS.