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Onthophagus taurus Genome Assembly 1.0

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posted on 2024-02-08, 20:44 authored by Eduardo ZattaraEduardo Zattara, Armin Moczek, Shwetha C. Murali, D. Bandaranaike, B. Hernandez, Hsu Chao, Huyen Dinh, Harshavardhan Doddapaneni, Shannon Dugan-Perez, S. Elkadiri, R.D. Gnanaolivu, Mehwish Javaid, Joy C. Jayaseelan, Sandra L. Lee, Mingmei Li, W. Ming, Mala Munidasa, J. Muniz, L. Nguyen, Fiona Ongeri, N. Osuji, Ling-Ling Pu, M. Puazo, C. Qu, J. Quiroz, R. Raj, George Weissenberger, Y. Xin, Xiaoyan Zou, Yi Han, Stephen Richards, Kim C. Worley

The Baylor College of Medicine recently sequenced and annotated the Onthophagus taurus genome as part of the i5k pilot project.

This dataset presents the Onthophagus taurus genome v1.0. This assembly version is the pre-release version, prior to filtering and quality control by the National Center for Biotechnology Information's GenBank resource: Assembly method details will be available in a forthcoming publication.

The dung beetle genus Onthophagus comprises with over 2,400 extant species the most speciose genus within the animal kingdom. O. taurus itself is the most studied dung beetle and a focal taxon for studies in evolutionary ecology, evolutionary genetics, behavioral ecology, evo-devo and developmental genetics.

Like many species within the genus it features extreme secondary sexual traits (horns) and extreme sexual dimorphism (cued by sex-specific development). At the same time this species possesses an equally remarkable (and representative) male dimorphism (cued entirely by larval nutrition) in which large males express huge horns which they use as weapons in male combat, whereas small males remain hornless, non-aggressive, and instead invest into enlarged testes and ejaculates.

Onthophagus beetles are emerging as a model system in evodevo and ecodevo, in particular with respect to the evolutionary developmental genetics of plasticity, pattern formation, trait integration, and growth regulation. Extensive transcriptomic data already exist for this as well as other species, alongside a growing number of functional studies using larval RNAi-mediated transcript depletion, which works easily and routinely across diverse species within the genus.

If you wish to use this dataset, please follow the Baylor College of Medicine's conditions for data use:

Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: Onthophagus taurus genome assembly v1.0 fasta and agp files for contigs and scaffolds.

    File Name:

    Resource Description: The attached tar.gz archive (Otaur_BCM_assembly_v1.tgz) contains the following files: Otaur.contigs.fa.gz. This file contains the sequence information of the contigs of the Onthophagus taurus 1.0 assembly. Otaur.scaffolds.fa.gz. This file contains the sequence information of the scaffolds of the Onthophagus taurus 1.0 assembly. Otaur.agp.V2.gz. This file contains information linking the contigs and scaffolds for the Onthophagus taurus 1.0 assembly. A description of the agp format is available here:


National Science Foundation: IOS 1256689

National Science Foundation: IOS 1120209

National Human Genome Research Institute: U54 HG003273


Data contact name

Zattara, Eduardo

Data contact email


Ag Data Commons

Intended use

This dataset consist on a first draft genome assembly of the bull-headed dung beetle Onthophagus taurus, and it is shared with the community as a resource for basic and applied research on this and other species. The data is provided “as is”, and users assume full responsibility for their use.

Use limitations

Genome sequencing project description and usage terms and limitations can be found at


  • Not specified

ISO Topic Category

  • biota

Ag Data Commons Group

  • Insects - i5K

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

data collection; dung beetles; genetic databases; genome; genome assembly; horns; larvae; Onthophagus taurus; sexual dimorphism; testes; transcriptomics

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Zattara, Eduardo; Moczek, Armin; Murali, Shwetha C.; Bandaranaike, D.; Hernandez, B.; Chao, Hsu; Dinh, Huyen; Doddapaneni, Harshavardhan; Dugan-Perez, Shannon; Elkadiri, S.; Gnanaolivu, R.D.; Javaid, Mehwish; Jayaseelan, Joy C.; Lee, Sandra L.; Li, Mingmei; Ming, W.; Munidasa, Mala; Muniz, J.; Nguyen, L.; Ongeri, Fiona; Osuji, N.; Pu, Ling-Ling; Puazo, M.; Qu, C.; Quiroz, J.; Raj, R.; Weissenberger, George; Xin, Y.; Zou, Xiaoyan; Han, Yi; Richards, Stephen; Worley, Kim C. (2016). Onthophagus taurus Genome Assembly 1.0. Ag Data Commons.

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