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Metadata from: Mob and rotational grazing influence pasture biomass, nutritive value, and species composition

posted on 2024-02-15, 22:37 authored by Eric BillmanEric Billman, Jessica Williamson, Kathy J. Soder, Danielle M. Andreen, R. Howard Skinner

This is digital research metadata corresponding to a published manuscript in Agronomy Journal, "Mob and rotational grazing influence pasture biomass, nutritive value, and species composition", Vol. 112 p. 2866-2878. Dataset may be accessed via the included link at the Dryad data repository.

Mob grazing, which uses very high stocking densities for short durations followed by a relatively long rest period, was designed to mimic bison (Bison bison) grazing in western U.S. grassland. This project assessed the suitability of mob grazing for livestock production in the Northeast. Objectives were to compare the effects of mob and rotational grazing on dry matter (DM) mass, nutritive value, and botanical composition across four grazing seasons. Eight, 0.10‐ha paddocks were established in 2014 as a randomized complete block with four replications, and seeded with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), white clover (Trifolium repens L.), orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), narrowleaf plantain (Plantago lanceolata L.), and tall fescue [Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) Dumort]. Mob‐grazed (MOB) paddocks were grazed by yearling beef cattle twice each year, (70–90–day interval), and rotationally grazed (ROT) paddocks were grazed four to six times each year (when sward height reached 25 cm).

Methods are described in the manuscript Descriptions corresponding to each figure and table in the manuscript are placed on separate tabs in the Excel file to clarify abbreviations and summarize the data headings and units.

Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: Link to Mob and Rotational Study dataset at

    File Name: Web Page, url:

    Data set one: weather data (precipitation and temperature), pasture height, forage removal, cumulative and per harvest forage mass, botanical composition, and nutritive values of forage material subjected to mob and rotational grazing over a 4-year period (2015-2018) in central Pennsylvania.


USDA-ARS: 8070-21000-009-00D


Data contact name

Billman, Eric

Data contact email



Intended use

Supplementation of the published journal article. Grazing and forage data may be used to determine best-management practices under northeastern growing conditions

Use limitations

Data are relevant to temperate Northeast/Midwest environments, and may not represent all geographic regions

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


Geographic location - description

Hawbecker Research Farm, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16801

ISO Topic Category

  • environment
  • farming

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

rotational grazing; pastures; biomass; nutritive value; species diversity; forage production; range management; livestock production; botanical composition; alfalfa; Medicago sativa; Trifolium repens; Dactylis glomerata; Plantago lanceolata; Festuca arundinacea subsp. arundinacea; beef cattle; cold season; Northeastern United States

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 215

Primary article PubAg Handle

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Billman, Eric D.; Williamson, Jessica, A.; Soder, Kathy J.; Andreen, Danielle M.; Skinner, R. Howard (2020). Metadata from: Mob and rotational grazing influence pasture biomass, nutritive value, and species composition. Dryad.