Ag Data Commons
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International Food Security

posted on 2024-02-08, 20:07 authored by US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service

This dataset measures food availability and access for 76 low- and middle-income countries. The dataset includes annual country-level data on area, yield, production, nonfood use, trade, and consumption for grains and root and tuber crops (combined as R&T in the documentation tables), food aid, total value of imports and exports, gross domestic product, and population compiled from a variety of sources.

This dataset is the basis for the International Food Security Assessment 2015-2025 released in June 2015. This annual ERS report projects food availability and access for 76 low- and middle-income countries over a 10-year period.

Countries (Spatial Description, continued): Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: CSV File for all years and all countries.

    File Name: gfa25.csv

  • Resource Title: International Food Security country data.

    File Name: GrainDemandProduction.xlsx

    Resource Description: Excel files of individual country data. Please note that these files provide the data in a different layout from the CSV file. This version of the data files was updated 9-2-2021 More up-to-date files may be found at:




Data contact name

Bequedano, Felix

Data contact email


USDA Economic Research Service

Intended use

Analysis of food availability, access, and security for 76 low-and middle-income countries; production of the ERS International Food Security Assessment 2015-2025 report; provide a snapshot of each country’s grain and root and tuber sectors and economic indicators.

Use limitations

FAO receives data, of varying quality, from a wide range of countries. Much of the World Bank data included in the dataset comes from the statistical systems of World Bank member countries, and the quality of global data depends on how well these national systems perform. See

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


Geographic location - description

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Dominican Republic,

ISO Topic Category

  • economy
  • farming
  • health
  • society

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

food grains; surveys

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:13 - Economic Research Service

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service (2016). International Food Security. USDA Economic Research Service.