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Gene expression profiling of long non-coding RNAs between rainbow trout strains on plant-based diets

posted on 2024-06-11, 05:34 authored by Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center, USDA-ARS
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and other salmonids are piscivorous fish. In aquaculture, fish-based feed ingredients are rapidly becoming unsustainable due to increased demand and diminishing supply. Total replacement of fishmeal with plant proteins causes severe intestinal enteritis, leading to reduced growth and lower feed efficiency. Through selective breeding, we have developed a strain of rainbow trout that does not develop distal intestine enteritis when reared on a high soy plant protein-based feed and also shows increased growth compared to other strains. Since central metabolism plays a major role in dietary alterations, liver RNA was examined for differential expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) between commercial and selected trout strains when fed an alternative diet. These types of non-coding RNA have been previously shown to have a potential role in regulation of gene expression; however, most identified lncRNAs have not been functionally characterized and/or lack definition in many non-model organisms. Their roles in gene regulation and their responsiveness to dietary changes in trout are to be explored. After three months of rearing on a plant protein-based (PM) diet, liver tissues from a domestic non-selected strain (House Creek; develops enteritis) and the plant-diet tolerant selected strain (ARS-KO; no enteritis) were extracted and prepped for Illumina RNA-seq. Raw reads were screened for quality then assembled into transcripts using Trinity. Assembled transcripts were then submitted to the Annocript pipeline to determine their potential as lncRNAs. RNA-seq reads were mapped to putative lncRNAs. Read-counts were used to assess differential expression between strains. Overall design: Rainbow trout strain selected for tolerance to plant-based diets (ARS-KO) and control fish strain (House Creek) were fed a plant meal (PM) based diet in replicate tanks over a 12-week period. After this time liver tissues were sampled. A total of 20 samples were taken: ten biological replicates, sampling liver tissue, with one treatment group, for each of the two trout strains.


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National Center for Biotechnology Information

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  • Non-geospatial

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  • biota

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

transcriptome; gene expression

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  • Public

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It is recommended to cite the accession numbers that are assigned to data submissions, e.g. the GenBank, WGS or SRA accession numbers. If individual BioProjects need to be referenced, state that "The data have been deposited with links to BioProject accession number PRJNA336185 in the NCBI BioProject database ("

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