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Gene expression in bovine mammary gland in response to increased milking frequency as determined by microarray and SAGE

posted on 2024-06-11, 05:07 authored by Bovine Functional Genomics Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, USDA-ARS, BARC
Transcript profiling was performed by Affymetrix microarray analysis and SAGE to characterize changes in gene expression in the bovine mammary gland in response to 4× versus 2× daily milking during the first week of lactation. These changes in gene expression may contribute to the increased milk production observed in response to increased milking frequency. Our results indicate that increased milking frequency alters expression of genes in the mammary gland related to increased extracellular matrix remodeling, neovascularization, metabolism, cell proliferation and apoptosis. Keywords: Physiological response to stimulus Overall design: Multiparous Holstein cows were milked either 2× daily (Control, n = 3) or 2× daily from day 1 to 3 of lactation, and 4× daily beginning at day 4 of lactation until day 21 post partum (IMF4, n = 4). The milking intervals were approximately 12 hours for Control cows and 9, 3, 9, and 3 hours, respectively, for IMF4 cows. Mammary biopsies were obtained at approximately day 7 of lactation for extraction of total RNA and subsequent transcript profiling my microarray (Affymetrix). Pooled Control and IMF4 RNA samples were used to synthesize two SAGE libraries using the Long SAGE kit by Invitrogen.


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National Center for Biotechnology Information

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  • Non-geospatial

ISO Topic Category

  • biota

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

transcriptome; gene expression

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  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

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It is recommended to cite the accession numbers that are assigned to data submissions, e.g. the GenBank, WGS or SRA accession numbers. If individual BioProjects need to be referenced, state that "The data have been deposited with links to BioProject accession number PRJNA103031 in the NCBI BioProject database ("

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