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Expression profiling of heat stress response in peanut using oligonucleotide microarrays

posted on 2024-06-11, 05:09 authored by Payton Lab, Plant & Soil Science, USDA-ARS Lubbock & Texas Tech University
To gain insights into molecular mechanisms of tolerance to heat stress, we conducted a transcript profiling experiment to identify heat-responsive genes in contrasting peanut mini core accessions, either un-acclimated or acclimated to heat stress. Plants at reproductive stage were exposed to 28 °C (control), 45 °C for 15 d (un-acclimated) or 45 °C for 1 d followed by 7 d recovery and 15 d stress (acclimated). Two contrasting genotypes showing diverse response to stress were selected based on a bioassay involving chlorophyll fluorescence yield under elevated respiratory demand and membrane thermostability. Transcript profiling was performed using 4 x 44k custom oligo microarrays containing 22k peanut EST sequences. The microarray analysis identified 710 stress-induced and 770 stress-repressed putative heat-responsive transcripts in the tolerant genotype. Gene enrichment analysis was performed using Blast2GO program and genes with homology to known proteins were categorized into detailed molecular functional groups. Majority of stress-responsive genes assigned to KEGG pathways belonged to starch, sucrose and galactose metabolism followed by amino acid metabolism, and secondary metabolite biosynthesis. Differentially expressed transcripts from samples obtained from first year’s experiment were validated in the samples from second year by quantitative real-time PCR. Transcripts of eight genes involved in terpenoid and flavanoid biosynthesis were induced after second and seventh day, respectively, in leaves under heat stress. Metabolite analysis confirmed increases in metabolites of selected pathways under heat stress. The heat up-regulated genes in tolerant COC041 mini-core accession are potential candidate genes for engineering stress-tolerant peanuts and unraveling molecular mechanisms of peanut adaptation to heat stress. Overall design: We used Agilent peanut microarrays to identify putative heat stress-responsive genes. Directly heat-stressed leaf tissues of the peanut genotypes COC041 (tolerant) and COC166 (susceptible) were used in the study. Three replications of microarray experiments were carried out by hybridizing the cRNA from different time points and stress conditions in a loop design on 4 x 44k microarray.


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  • Non-geospatial

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  • biota

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transcriptome; gene expression

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  • Public

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