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Estrogen-responsive genes in the parenchyma and fat pad of the bovine mammary gland by microarray analysis

dataset
posted on 2024-01-27, 05:14 authored by Bovine Functional Genomics Laboratory, Animal & Natural Resources Institute, USDA
Characterizing estrogen-responsive genes is an essential step towards fully understanding mechanisms of estrogen action during mammary gland development and function. To catalogue these genes, sixteen prepubertal heifers were used in a 2 x 2 factorial with ovarian status (intact or ovariectomized) as the first factor and estrogen treatment as the second (control or estradiol). Heifers were ovariectomized at approximately 4.5 months of age and estrogen treatments were initiated one month later. After 3 days of treatment, gene expression in the parenchyma and fat pad of the bovine mammary gland was analyzed using a high-density oligonucleotide microarray. This microarray contained probes representing 40,808 Tentative Consensus sequences from the TIGR Bos taurus Gene Index and 4,575 singletons derived from libraries of pooled mammary gland and gut tissues. Microarray data were analyzed using the SAS Mixed Procedure with permutation testing. A total of 125 estrogen-responsive genes were identified using an experiment-wide permutation-based significance level of P < 0.1. Among these genes are known estrogen-targeted genes such as stanniocalcin 1, alpha-1-antiproteinase, progesterone receptor, nucleobindin 2, insulin-like growth factor 1, and tissue factor pathway inhibitor. However, the majority of the genes identified were not previously reported to be estrogen-responsive. In silico mapping and an estrogen response element (ERE) search indicated potential EREs in the promoter regions of some of these novel estrogen-responsive genes. The distinctive expression patterns regulated by estrogen in parenchyma and fat pad suggest mechanisms of action and reciprocal signaling between cell types. Keywords: Cell type comparision, two class unpaired design Overall design: Sixteen prepubertal heifers were used in a 2 x 2 factorial with ovarian status (intact or ovariectomized) as the first factor and estrogen treatment as the second (control or estradiol). Two tissues (parenchyma and fat pad) from each heifer were sampled. 32 single-channel microarray hybridization were performed.

History

Data contact name

BioProject Curation Staff

Publisher

National Center for Biotechnology Information

Temporal Extent Start Date

2006-01-27

Theme

  • Non-geospatial

ISO Topic Category

  • biota

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

transcriptome; gene expression

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Accession Number

PRJNA95195

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