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Diversity and characterization of oomycetes associated with corn seedlings in Michigan

dataset
posted on 2024-01-26, 23:43 authored by Michigan State University
Corn is a staple feed and biofuel crop with a value close to $3.7 billion dollars for Michigan’s economy. Knowledge about distribution and abundance of seedling pathogens in Michigan corn fields is limited. Here we used a combination of culture-based and next-generation sequencing of soil samples to determine the extent of species associated with diseased corn seedlings and those present in soil. Over two years, symptomatic seedlings and associated soil samples were collected from 11 Michigan fields. A total of 170 oomycete cultures were obtained from seedlings using a semi-selective medium (CMA-PARP) and identified using the ITS region. Thirty-three species were isolated, with Pythium inflatum (25%; Clade B) and Pythium sylvaticum (12%; Clade F) being the most abundant species. For the amplicon-based approach, the COI mitochondrial region was amplified from soil samples and sequenced using Illumina MiSeq. The dominant Pythium clades present in the soil were F, I, D, and B and accounted for at least 75% of the abundance in all locations. Pythium clades F, I, and D were recovered with similar trends with the culture and amplicon approach, however, clade B was highly abundant in plant isolation, but not in soil. The 20 most abundant species were characterized for pathogenicity and fungicide sensitivity. Pythium irregulare and P. ultimum var. ultimum were the most virulent at both 15 and 20oC tested. Isolates were tested for their sensitivity to mefenoxam and ethaboxam. Most isolates were sensitive to both chemistries, but Pythium rostratifingens and Pythium aff. torulosum were less sensitive to ethaboxam and Pythium ultimum var. ultimum less sensitive to mefenoxam. The survey and isolate characterization provides a better understanding of seedling and root rot disease of corn and opportunities to improve management of this disease complex.

Funding

National Institute of Food and Agriculture, 2011-68004-30104

History

Data contact name

BioProject Curation Staff

Publisher

National Center for Biotechnology Information

Temporal Extent Start Date

2019-04-29

Theme

  • Non-geospatial

ISO Topic Category

  • biota

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

sequence analysis

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Accession Number

PRJNA540309

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