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Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration

dataset
posted on 2024-02-13, 21:17 authored by USDA Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Policy Support

Description: The demonstration of Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) allows authorized States and school districts to use information from Medicaid to identify students eligible to receive meals under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP) for free or at a reduced price. District-level administrative records data on certification and NSLP and SBP participation were collected to evaluate the demonstration. The analysis sample includes 5,966 public, private, and charter school districts in the 15 States participating in the DCM-F/RP demonstration in school year (SY) 2019-20.

Study date(s) and duration: Data were collected from each State child nutrition agency for SY 2019–2020, a baseline year, and any years in between (if applicable). States started the demonstration in different years, so the baseline year is the year before the demonstration began in that state: SY 2015–2016 for Florida, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Utah, Virginia, and West Virginia; SY 2016–2017 for California, Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin; and SY 2017–2018 for Nevada.

Study spatial scale: Fifteen States participated in the DCM-F/RP demonstration. Six began conducting DCM-F/RP statewide in SY 2016–2017 (Florida, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Utah, Virginia, and West Virginia), and one implemented DCM-F/RP in 14 districts that year and expanded to statewide implementation in SY 2017–2018 (California). Eight States began implementing DCM-F/RP in in SY 2017–2018 (Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Nevada, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin), although one State did not certify students through DCM-F/RP until SY 2018–2019 (Nevada).

Level of true replication: Unknown

Sampling precision: No sampling was involved in the collection of this data.

Level of subsampling: No sampling was involved in the collection of this data.

Study design: None – Non-experimental

Description of any data manipulation, modeling, or statistical analysis undertaken: This file contains a public use version of the data collected and analyzed for states in the DCM-F/RP demonstration in SY 2019-20, including both variables collected from the States and variables constructed for use in analysis. The file contains one observation for each of the districts in the analysis sample. Several types of edits were used to protect the confidentiality of respondents, including removing identifying information, rounding percentage variables to the nearest tenth, and rounding continuous variables representing numbers of schools, students, meals or dollars.

Description of any gaps in the data or other limiting factors: Specific certification data elements were unavailable for some States or districts (namely, Iowa and Wisconsin did not provide data on reduced-price certifications). In addition, some districts—including notable subsets in Indiana and Virginia—were excluded from the analysis sample due to incomplete or erroneous administrative data.

See the full Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration, SY 2019-20 report [https://www.fns.usda.gov/cn/usda-dcm-frp-demonstration] for a detailed explanation of the study’s limitations.

Outcome measurement methods and equipment used: The effects of DCM-F/RP on certification, participation, and Federal reimbursement outcomes were estimated by comparing measures in the baseline year to the same measure in SY 2019–2020. A fixed effects model was used to control for changes in outcomes between years and to improve the precision of the estimates.

Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: Dataset - Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration .File Name: DCM_FRP.csvResource Description: Dataset - Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration CSV File

  • Resource Title: Codebook/Data Dictionary - Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration .File Name: DCM-FRP SY 2019-2020 Codebook.pdfResource Description: Codebook/Data Dictionary for the Dataset Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration

  • Resource Title: User Guide - Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration .File Name: DCM-FRP SY 2019-2020 Public Use File User Guide REV.pdfResource Description: User Guide for the Data Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration

  • Resource Title: SAS Stata R SPSS Data Sets - Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration .File Name: DCM_FRP.ZIPResource Description: SAS Stata R SPSS Data Sets for the Data Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration. These datasets are identical to the CSV and each other but provide multiple formats to meet user preference in statistical software.

Funding

USDA-FNS: Contract No. AG-3198-B-16-0004/12319819F0021

History

Data contact name

USDA FNS OPS

Data contact email

OpsDataRequests@usda.gov

Publisher

USDA Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Policy Support

Intended use

This dataset provides information that can be used to better understand patterns of certification, participation, and Federal reimbursements in school districts that participated in the DCM-F/RP demonstration in SY 2019-20.

Use limitations

The DCM-F/RP evaluation is based on a sample of States that is not representative of all States nationally. In addition, some districts (most notably in Indiana and Virginia) had to be excluded from the analysis because of issues with their data, and the remaining samples of districts in those States are not necessarily representative of all districts in those States. In addition, although States could use data collected for required annual reporting to FNS as a source for most of the information needed for the certification analysis, some developed separate processes, such as a survey of districts, to collect other certification data elements needed for the DCM-F/RP evaluation. Different sources for the baseline and demonstration years could result in systematic differences in data quality. Some States were unable to obtain the data needed for the evaluation for all districts, and some districts were excluded from the analysis sample due to incomplete or erroneous administrative data. Those omitted districts might differ systematically from districts for which data were available. There could be other errors remaining in the data that were not detected.

Temporal Extent Start Date

2015-09-01

Temporal Extent End Date

2020-03-31

Frequency

  • notPlanned

Theme

  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage

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Geographic location - description

Fifteen States participated in the DCM-F/RP demonstration. Six began conducting DCM-F/RP statewide in SY 2016–2017 (Florida, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Utah, Virginia, and West Virginia), and one implemented DCM-F/RP in 14 districts that year and expanded to statewide implementation in SY 2017–2018 (California). Eight States began implementing DCM-F/RP in in SY 2017–2018 (Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Nevada, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin), although one State did not certify students through DCM-F/RP until SY 2018–2019 (Nevada).

ISO Topic Category

  • health
  • society

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

USDA; certification; students; National School Lunch Program; National School Breakfast Program; prices; childhood; Florida; Massachusetts; Nebraska; Utah; Virginia; West Virginia; California; Connecticut; Indiana; Iowa; Michigan; Texas; Washington (state); Wisconsin; Nevada; data collection; child nutrition; socioeconomics; statistical analysis

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:84 - Food and Nutrition Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:054 - Child Nutrition Programs

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

USDA Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Policy Support (2023). Direct Certification with Medicaid for Free and Reduced-Price Meals (DCM-F/RP) Demonstration. USDA Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Policy Support. https://doi.org/10.15482/USDA.ADC/1528383