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Data from: Honey bee hives decrease wild bee abundance, species richness, and fruit count on farms regardless of wildflower strips v2

Version 2 2024-01-23, 16:04
Version 1 2024-01-19, 17:23
dataset
posted on 2024-01-23, 16:04 authored by Gina Angelella, Christopher McCullough, Megan O'Rourke

Pollinator refuges such as wildflower strips are planted on farms with the goals of mitigating wild pollinator declines and promoting crop pollination services. It is unclear, however, whether or how these goals are impacted by managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) hives on farms. We examined how wildflower strips and honey bee hives and/or their interaction influence wild bee communities and the fruit count of two pollinator-dependent crops across 21 farms in the Mid-Atlantic U.S.

Although wild bee species richness increased with bloom density within wildflower strips, populations did not differ significantly between farms with and without them whereas fruit counts in both crops increased on farms with wildflower strips during one of two years. By contrast, wild bee abundance decreased by 48%, species richness by 20%, and strawberry fruit count by 18% across all farm with honey bee hives regardless of wildflower strip presence, and winter squash fruit count was consistently lower on farms with wildflower strips with hives as well.

This work demonstrates that honey bee hives could detrimentally affect fruit count and wild bee populations on farms, and that benefits conferred by wildflower strips might not offset these negative impacts. Keeping honey bee hives on farms with wildflower strips could reduce conservation and pollination services.

Brief description of collection and processing of data: All data were collected from 21 farms located in the Eastern Shore region of Virginia and Maryland and Virginia Beach. Ten farms had wildflower meadows sown either in 2015 (N=1 farm) or 2016(N=9 farms) which were planted following NRCS guidelines for the creation of pollinator refuges. Honey bee hive presence/absence varied by farm. Please see mansucript methods and supplemental materials for more details.

Strawberry and winter squash fruit count data: Fruits were collected from six strawberry plants and four winter squash plants, grown in two 50-gal containers at each farm. Strawberries were grown in the spring and winter squash in the summer of 2017 and 2018. All were grown in the same growing medium with consistent fertilizers and watered as needed. Strawberry plants were grown in a mesh cage to prevent vertebrate foraging. We quantified total strawberry and winter squash fruit produced per farm and year. Please see manuscript methods for more details.

Wild bees: We trapped bees during two 48 h periods each year in UV-bright yellow, blue, and white pan traps and 3 blue vane traps at each farm. The sampling periods roughly corresponded with strawberry flowering during the spring (mid-May to early June) and winter squash flowering (early August) during the summer. Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) were identified to species. We calculated the abundance, species richness, evenness, and Shannon-Wiener diversity of wild bees within traps at each farm per sampling event and year. In this version (v2) we have corrected several mistakes in the wild bee abundance, species richness, diversity, or species evenness values within the dataset. We have also added two additional variables: the total number of honey bee hives and the mean distance from the study site to honey bee hives on each farm.


Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: Strawberry fruit count.

    File Name: strawberry_fruit_count.csv

    Resource Description: Strawberry fruit count per farm and honey bee hive and wildflower strip presence/absence.


  • Resource Title: Winter squash fruit count.

    File Name: squash_fruit_count.csv

    Resource Description: Winter squash fruit count per farm and honey bee hive and wildflower strip presence/absence.


  • Resource Title: Wild bee species data v2.

    File Name: wild_bee_species_2.0.csv

    Resource Description: Wild bee species abundance, species richness, evenness, Shannon-Wiener diversity, and total wild bee abundance per farm and honey bee hive and wildflower strip presence/absence. Also contains bloom density (total blooms per square-meter) within wildflower strips, or un-managed field edges on control farms (lacking wildflower strips) from 2018. In this version (v2) we have corrected several mistakes in the wild bee abundance, species richness, diversity, or species evenness values within the dataset. We have also added two additional variables: the total number of honey bee hives and the mean distance from the study site to honey bee hives on each farm.


  • Resource Title: README.

    File Name: README.txt

Funding

USDA-NIFA: 2015-67019-23215

History

Data contact name

Angelella, Gina

Data contact email

Gina.Angelella@usda.gov

Publisher

Ag Data Commons

Intended use

Fruit count and/or wild bee data may be used in future research or meta-analyses.

Temporal Extent Start Date

2017-04-01

Temporal Extent End Date

2018-10-31

Theme

  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage

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Geographic location - description

The Eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland, Mid-Atlantic Region, U.S.

ISO Topic Category

  • farming

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

honey bees; beehives; species richness; fruits; farms; wild flowers; data collection; strawberries; winter squashes; surveys; bees; pollinating insects

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:00 - Department of Agriculture

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 304

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Angelella, Gina, M.; McCullough, Christopher, T.; O'Rourke, Megan, E. (2021). Data from: Honey bee hives decrease wild bee abundance, species richness, and fruit count on farms regardless of wildflower strips v2. Ag Data Commons. https://doi.org/10.15482/USDA.ADC/1521354

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