Ag Data Commons

File(s) stored somewhere else

Please note: Linked content is NOT stored on Ag Data Commons and we can't guarantee its availability, quality, security or accept any liability.

Data from: Cover cropping history affects cotton boll distribution, lint yields, and fiber quality

posted on 2024-02-15, 19:26 authored by Eric BillmanEric Billman, Benjamin T. Campbell

This is digital research data corresponding to a published manuscript, Cover cropping history affects cotton boll distribution, lint yields, and fiber quality, in Crop Science, Vol. 63 p. 1209–1220.

There has been limited introduction of new cover crop species into cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production within the last 30 years. Mounting evidence shows that traditional cover cropping species may be detrimental to cotton production, either by depleting soil fertility with crop removal, immobilizing minerals from high carbon residue, or excessive quantity of residue remaining at planting. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of growing a novel cover crop species, carinata (Brassica carinata A. Braun), as a winter annual cover crop for cotton rotation in the southeastern Coastal Plain. Over a 2-year period, carinata, winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and fallow covers were maintained over winter months, then rotated into cotton. Each year, seedcotton and lint yields were collected, along with subsamples for ginning and subsequent fiber quality analyses. Additionally, end-of-season plant mapping was conducted on plants from 1-m of row per plot to determine cover crop effects on boll formation, retention, and distribution, as well as canopy architecture.


USDA-ARS: 6082-21000-008-00D

USDA-NIFA: 2016-11231


Data contact name

Billman, Eric

Data contact email



Intended use

This dataset serves to supplement the published manuscript in Crop Science

Use limitations

Data is limited to only 2 years at a single field site location in South Carolina. Care should be taken when extrapolating to other geographic regions and climates.

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


Geographic location - description

Clemson Pee Dee Research and Education Center 2200 Pocket Rd, Florence SC 29501

ISO Topic Category

  • farming

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

cover crops; crop rotation; conservation practices; cotton; lint yield; fiber quality; Brassica carinata; winter wheat; coastal plains; soil fertility; minerals; carbon; planting; fallow; canopy; Gossypium hirsutum; Triticum aestivum

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 301

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Billman, Eric D.; Campbell, Benjamin T. (2023). Data from: Cover cropping history affects cotton boll distribution, lint yields, and fiber quality. Dryad.