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Data from: Carbon Fluxes from a Spring Wheat-Corn-Soybean Crop Rotation Under No-Tillage Management

posted on 2024-02-20, 19:49 authored by Nicanor SaliendraNicanor Saliendra, Mark Liebig, David Archer

The increase in corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] production in rainfed cropping systems of the northern Great Plains has altered the delivery of ecosystem services from agricultural land. A study was conducted to quantify carbon balance of a spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-corn-soybean rotation under no-till management using eddy covariance techniques over a 3-yr period. Paired field sites with the same soil type near Mandan, ND USA were used for the study. Data from the study included fluxes of carbon dioxide and water vapor, precipitation, air temperature, relative humidity, photosynthetically active radiation, soil temperature, soil water content, vegetation phenology, green chromatic coordinate, aboveground biomass, leaf area index, and grain yield. Data were used to generate estimates of net ecosystem exchange, ecosystem respiration, gross ecosystem production, net ecosystem carbon balance, evapotranspiration, vapor pressure deficit, relative greenness of vegetation, and carbon-, water-, and light-use efficiencies. Data are generally applicable to rainfed conditions under a semiarid Continental climate for Temvik-Wilton silt loams (fine silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic and Pachic Haplustolls) and related soil types (i.e., Grassna, Linton, Mandan, and Williams).


USDA-ARS: 3064-21660-004-000D


Data contact name

Saliendra, Nicanor

Data contact email


Ag Data Commons

Intended use

A study on 3-year rotation of spring wheat-corn-soybean (2016-2018) was conducted in paired fields under no-till, rainfed, semiarid environment near Mandan, North Dakota, USA (long-term mean annual precipitation and temperature of 420 mm and 6 °C, respectively; 1914-2016). For a similar environment, half-hourly and daily summaries of eddy fluxes and ancillary measurements (attributes of weather and aboveground vegetation) can be used to: 1) Parameterize mechanistic models on gross primary productivity (GPP) and evapotranspiration (ET) 2) Upscale eddy fluxes [e.g., gross ecosystem production (GEP) and ET] to the landscape and regional levels using remote sensing

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


Geographic location - description

The study sites, fields h5 and i2, are within the Area 4 SCD (Soil Conservation District of the USDA NRCS) Cooperative Research Farm near Mandan, ND, USA.

ISO Topic Category

  • biota
  • climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
  • environment
  • farming
  • geoscientificInformation

Ag Data Commons Group

  • Long-Term Agroecosystem Research
  • Northern Plains

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

carbon; crop rotation; no-tillage; corn; Zea mays; soybeans; Glycine max; rainfed farming; Great Plains region; ecosystem services; agricultural land; spring wheat; Triticum aestivum; eddy covariance; carbon dioxide; water vapor; air temperature; relative humidity; photosynthetically active radiation; soil temperature; soil water content; soil water; aboveground biomass; net ecosystem exchange; ecosystem respiration; gross primary productivity; evapotranspiration; net ecosystem production; net primary productivity

OMB Bureau Code

  • 005:18 - Agricultural Research Service

OMB Program Code

  • 005:040 - National Research

ARS National Program Number

  • 216

Primary article PubAg Handle

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Saliendra, Nicanor, Z.; Liebig, Mark, A.; Archer, David, W. (2023). Data from: Carbon Fluxes from a Spring Wheat-Corn-Soybean Crop Rotation Under No-Tillage Management. Ag Data Commons.