Ag Data Commons

File(s) stored somewhere else

Please note: Linked content is NOT stored on Ag Data Commons and we can't guarantee its availability, quality, security or accept any liability.

Compilation of climate data from heterogeneous networks across the Hawaiian Islands

posted on 2024-02-13, 13:07 authored by Ryan J. Longman, Thomas W. Giambelluca, Michael A. Nullet, Abby G. Frazier, Kevin Kodama, Shelley D. Crausbay, Paul D. Krushelnycky, Susan Cordell, Martyn P. Clark, Andy J. Newman, Jeffrey R. Arnold

Long-term, accurate observations of atmospheric phenomena are essential for a myriad of applications, including historic and future climate assessments, resource management, and infrastructure planning. In Hawai‘i, climate data are available from individual researchers, local, State, and Federal agencies, and from large electronic repositories such as the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). Researchers attempting to make use of available data are faced with a series of challenges that include: (1) identifying potential data sources; (2) acquiring data; (3) establishing data quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) protocols; and (4) implementing robust gap filling techniques. This paper addresses these challenges by providing: (1) a summary of the available climate data in Hawai‘i including a detailed description of the various meteorological observation networks and data accessibility, and (2) a quality-controlled meteorological dataset across the Hawaiian Islands for the 25-year period 1990-2014. The dataset draws on observations from 471 climate stations and includes rainfall, maximum and minimum surface air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, downward shortwave and longwave radiation data.

Resources in this dataset:

  • Resource Title: Compilation of climate data from heterogeneous networks across the Hawaiian Islands.

    File Name: Web Page, url: includes the following 12 datasets:

    • List of Active and Discontinued Climate Stations in Hawaii

    • Daily Downwelling Longwave Radiation in Hawaii

    • Daily Incoming Solar Radiation in Hawaii

    • Daily Wind Speed in Hawaii

    • Daily Relative Humidity Data in Hawaii

    • Daily Minimum Temperature Data in Hawaii

    • Daily Minimum Temperature Data in Hawaii (partially gap filled)

    • Daily Maximum Temperature in Hawaii

    • Daily Maximum Temperature Data in Hawaii (partially gap filled)

    • Daily Rainfall Data in Hawaii

    • Daily Rainfall Data in Hawaii (partially gap filled)

    • Column Headers for all Data Files




Data contact name

Longman, Ryan J.

Data contact email


Scientific Data

Intended use

To describe the availability of climate data in Hawai‘i from both active and discontinued stations, the methods used for data acquisition and standardization, and to provide access to a quality-controlled multivariate data set for the 25-year period 1990–2014.

Temporal Extent Start Date


Temporal Extent End Date



  • Not specified

Geographic Coverage


ISO Topic Category

  • climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
  • elevation
  • environment
  • geoscientificInformation
  • imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
  • location

National Agricultural Library Thesaurus terms

resource management; infrastructure; planning; meteorological data; researchers; quality control; data collection; rain; air temperature; relative humidity; wind speed; time series analysis; monitoring; research projects; snow; hail; freezing; rain gauges; climatic factors; altitude; topographic slope; volcanoes; hydrology; Hawaii

Pending citation

  • No

Public Access Level

  • Public

Preferred dataset citation

Longman, Ryan J.; Giambelluca, Thomas W.; Nullet, Michael A.; Frazier, Abby G.; Kodama, Kevin; Crausbay, Shelley D.; Krushelnycky, Paul D.; Cordell, Susan; Clark, Martyn P.; Newman, Andy J.; Arnold, Jeffrey R. (2018). Compilation of climate data from heterogeneous networks across the Hawaiian Islands. Scientific Data.

Usage metrics



    Ref. manager